Jiangsu, or Su for short, is an eastern coastal province of the People’s Republic of China, with its capital in Nanjing. The name Jiangsu is a compound word made up of Jiangning (the old name for Nanjing) and Suzhou, two cities of provincial or even national significance. Lying on a vast plain in the lower reaches of the Yangtze and Huai Rivers, it benefits from the advantageous location, which has greatly contributed to its long history and flourishing culture.
As one of the birthplaces of Chinese Yangtze River culture, Jiangsu is blessed with a picturesque landscape, an agreeable climate, and rich cultural heritage. Characterized as representing “the temperament of the State of Wu and the Han Dynasty”, its regional culture underwent a central shift from the Jianghuai area preceding the Han and Tang dynasties to the Jiangnan area following the Tang and Song dynasties. More specifically, Jiangsu carries forward the cultures of Wu, Jingling, Huaiyang, and Chu-Han, nurturing various art forms, literary works, and historical figures. Jiangsu is home to, for example, the gorgeously heart-stirring Kun Opera, the “zenith of painters” Gu Kaizhi, the “calligrapher sage” Wang Xizhi, the Eight Eccentric Artists in Yangzhou, Journey to the West, and Dream of the Red Chamber, just to mention a few.
Passing down millennia-old cultural traditions, Jiangsu exerts profound spiritual influence on contemporary China. At the same time, it embraces and fuses with world culture, shouldering the responsibility for sharing its cultural heritage with the globe.